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Gangaikondacholapuram UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

  • Heritage enthusiasts have expressed disappointment over the State Archaeology Department’s decision to suspend excavation at Gangaikondacholapuram, the ancient capital of the Cholas, this year.

  • Gangaikondacholapuram does not figure in the list of sites where archaeological excavations are to be taken up by the department this year as per the announcement made by Finance Minister Thangam Thennarasu in his Budget speech.

Gangaikondacholapuram

  • Gangaikondacholapuram holds immense importance in the ancient history of India, particularly for the Chola dynasty

Capital City of the Cholas

  • Founded by Emperor Rajendra I in the 11th century AD, Gangaikondacholapuram served as the magnificent capital of the Chola empire for over 250 years.

  • This shift from the previous capital, Thanjavur, symbolized the dynasty's expanding power and ambition.

Architectural Marvel:

  • The city boasted impressive architecture showcasing Chola craftsmanship and artistic excellence.

  • The Brihadeeswarar Temple, dedicated to Shiva, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site renowned for its towering vimana (dome) and exquisite sculptures.

  • Other structures like the Gangaikonda Cholapuram Palace and numerous temples reflected the city's grandeur and prosperity.

Symbol of Military Supremacy:

  • The city's name itself, meaning "the city of the Cholas who conquered the Ganges," commemorates Rajendra I's successful military campaigns reaching North India.

  • This victory consolidated the Chola empire's position as a dominant power in the subcontinent.

Center of Trade and Administration:

  • Gangaikondacholapuram served as a vital hub for trade and commerce, fostering links with Southeast Asia and beyond.

  • Housed an efficient administrative system, facilitating control the vast Chola territory.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Gangaikondacholapuram UPSC NOTE
Gangaikondacholapuram UPSC NOTE
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