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 Why in News

  • The Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) has unveiled a brand new state-of-the-art facility, Synergistic Ocean Observation Prediction Services (SynOPS), for 2D/3D/4D visualisation of in situ ocean data, satellite remote sensing and model products for an integrated view of state of the ocean to scientists and policy makers on Wednesday.

What is SynOPS

  • SYNOP is a numerical code used to report weather observations made by staffed and automated weather stations around the world.

  • It's like a short hand language that allows for efficient data exchange and analysis.

  • The code is standardized by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and used by national weather services globally.

What information does it include?

  • Station identifier: Location of the reporting station.

  • Date and time: When the observation was taken.

  • Weather: Current sky conditions (cloudy, rainy, etc.).

  • Clouds: Cloud coverage and type.

  • Temperature: Air temperature at the station.

  • Humidity: Relative humidity of the air.

  • Wind: Wind speed and direction.

  • Visibility: Horizontal visibility in kilometers or meters.

  • Precipitation: Recent precipitation amount and type.

  • Pressure: Atmospheric pressure at the station.

How is it used?

  • Weather forecasting: Providing real-time data for weather analysis and prediction.

  • Climate monitoring: Tracking long-term changes in weather patterns.

  • Aviation safety: Providing critical information for aircraft navigation.

  • Agriculture: Helping farmers make informed decisions about planting and harvesting.

  • Research: Used in various scientific studies related to weather and climate.


  • INCOIS stands for Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services

  • It's an autonomous body under the Ministry of Earth Sciences in India


  • To establish, maintain, and manage systems for data acquisition, analysis, interpretation, and archival for ocean information and related services.

  • To undertake research in the field of ocean information and related services, including satellite oceanography.

  • To provide ocean information and advisory services to society, government agencies, the scientific community, and industry.


  • Deploys and maintains a suite of ocean observing systems in the Indian Ocean to collect data on various oceanic parameters.

  • Conducts systematic quality checks and archives all observational, satellite, and other oceanic data.

  • Marine weather forecasts and warnings

  • Oceanstateforecasts (waves, currents, temperature, etc.)

  • Ocean health monitoring (pollution, harmful algal blooms, etc.)

  • Coastal zone management

  • Fisheries support services

  • Acts as the National Oceanographic Data Centre for India.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: INCOIS UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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