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Schengen Zone UPSC NOTE

 Why in news

  • Kosovo recently secured visa-free access to the Schengen zone in Europe.

  • It’s the world’s largest zone of free movement, becoming the last western Balkan non-European Union nation to be waived visa requirements

  • The zone is known after Schengen, the tiny Luxembourg village bordering France and Germany.

  • Where the agreement was signed in 1985 among five of the six EU founding members except Italy.

  • Citizens of Kosovo can now enter the Schengen as tourists for 90 days within 180 days

  • Croatia, a European Union member since 2013, joined Schengen in 2023, while Romania and Bulgaria, EU members since 2007, will gain partial Schengen entry in March.

Schengen zone

  • The Schengen zone is an area encompassing 27 European countries that have officially abolished border controls at their mutual borders. 

  • This means that you can travel freely between these countries without having to go through passport checks or other border formalities

  • The Schengen zone is named after the Schengen Agreement, which was signed in 1985 in Schengen, Luxembourg. 

What are the advantages of the EU’s border-free policy?

  • For nationals of any country, the benefit is the freedom to travel with a single Schengen visa to other European nations within the borderless area. 

  • For EU states, the Visa-free borderless travel, alongside the single currency adopted by 20 EU countries, is the most visible symbol of European integration.

  • The integrity of Schengen cannot be overstated for the success of the post-war European project.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Schengen Zone UPSC NOTE
Schengen Zone UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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