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Sphaerotheca varshaabhu UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

  • According to the researchers, Sphaerotheca varshaabhu has adapted to its urban surroundings displaying behaviours and physical attributes that help it navigate challenges posed by urbanization.

  • Researchers from various national and international organisations have identified and documented a previously unknown species of frog which has been thriving amidst the urban landscape of Bengaluru.

  • The researchers said that this discovery marks a significant milestone in biodiversity research and underscores the resilience of wildlife in unexpected urban ecosystems.

  • Sphaerotheca varshaabhu is a relatively new species of frog, first described in 2020 by Deepak et al. 

  • It belongs to the genus Sphaerotheca, which includes other small, brown frogs found in the Western Ghats of India.

  • Found in the Western Ghats of Karnataka, India, specifically in the Uttara Kannada district.

  • Inhabits evergreen and semi-evergreen forests at elevations between 430 and 640 meters.


  • Small frog, around 20-24 mm in size.

  • Brown colored with darker markings on the back and lighter underparts.

  • Males have spiny forearms, a distinguishing characteristic of the genus.

  • Females lack these spines.

  • Likely nocturnal and terrestrial, spending most of their time on the forest floor.

  • Breed during the monsoon season, laying eggs in leaf litter.

Conservation status:

  • Data deficient, meaning there is not enough information to assess its conservation status accurately.

  • its limited distribution and habitat loss due to deforestation pose potential threats.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Sphaerotheca varshaabhu UPSC NOTE
Sphaerotheca varshaabhu UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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