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BrahMos and INS Jatayu UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

  • Radars, jetties, airfield and BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles.

  • The Indian Navy’s newest base being established on Minicoy Island in Lakshadweep, INS Jatayu, will have all these and many more

  • The upgrade is part of a long-term capability development plan which officials and experts say will shore up India’s security footprint on the islands located very close to critical Sea Lanes of Communication (SLOC).

  • This is especially significant as Chinese naval footprint, which includes ‘research vessels’, has seen massive expansion in the Indian Ocean

  • BrahMos is a medium-range ramjet supersonic cruise missile jointly developed by the DRDO and the Russian Federation's NPO Mashinostroyeniya.

  • It is named after the amalgamation of two rivers, Brahmaputra of India and Moskva of Russia.

Here are some of the basic details of BrahMos:

  • Type: Supersonic cruise missile

  • Range: Up to 290 km (land and sea launched versions) and 500 km (air-launched version)

  • Speed: Mach 2.8 to 3.5 , Length: 8.4 meters

  • Weight: 3.5 tons (land launched), 3 tons (ship launched), 2.55 tons (air launched)

  • Launcher: Mobile launcher, ship launcher, Sukhoi Su-30MKI fighter aircraft

  • Guidance: Inertial navigation system, Global Positioning System (GPS), terrain contour matching (TERCOM)

  • BrahMos is one of the fastest missiles in the world and is considered to be a potent weapon system

  • It is capable of launching from land, sea, and air platforms, making it a versatile missile for the Indian Armed Forces.

INS Jatayu

  • INS Jatayu is a recently upgraded naval base in the Lakshadweep Islands, India

  • On March 6, 2024, the Naval Detachment Minicoy was officially commissioned as INS Jatayu, signifying a pivotal moment for the Indian Navy's commitment to strengthening security infrastructure in the strategic region.


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: BrahMos and INS Jatayu UPSC NOTE
BrahMos and INS Jatayu UPSC NOTE
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