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Central Pollution Control Board UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

  • The Indian Himalayan Region is a critical source of water in the subcontinent, feeding a number of major rivers of India that include the Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra river systems.

  • Unscientific plastic disposal is causing soil and water pollution in the Indian Himalayan Region and impacting its biodiversity, which is having an adverse impact on the fresh water sources that communities downstream depend on.

What is CPCB?

  • The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) is a statutory organization under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change of the Government of India. 

  • It is the apex organization in India for the prevention and control of pollution.

  • The CPCB was established in 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 and entrusted with functions and responsibilities under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.

Here are the main functions of the CPCB:

  • Advising the Central Government on matters relating to the prevention and control of water and air pollution.

  • Planning, development and implementation of comprehensive programs for the prevention, control or abatement of water and air pollution.

  • Coordinating the activities of the State Pollution Control Boards and Pollution Control Committees.

  • Providing technical assistance to the State Pollution Control Boards and Pollution Control Committees.

  • Research and development in the field of environmental protection.

  • Monitoring and inspection of pollution control measures adopted by industries and other establishments.

  • Dissemination of information on environmental protection.

  • The CPCB plays a vital role in protecting the environment in India. 

  • It has been instrumental in developing and implementing various pollution control measures, which have helped to improve the air and water quality in the country.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Central Pollution Control Board UPSC NOTE
Central Pollution Control Board UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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