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District election management plan UPSC NOTE

 District election management plan

  • The conduct of elections has become increasingly complex and multifaceted, requiring meticulous planning and execution to ensure a free, fair, and inclusive electoral process

  • A cornerstone of this planning process is the District Election Management Plan (DEMP), a comprehensive document that uses statistics and analysis to ensure the smooth conduct of elections.

When is the DEMP prepared?

  • As per the Election Commission of India, the DEMP is to be prepared at least six months before the tentative poll day

  • However, many things become clearer as the election is notified, so it becomes necessary to revise/update the plan occasionally

  • Executing the DEMP requires a collaborative effort involving election officials, administrative authorities, law enforcement agencies etc.

  • Regular interactions with political parties and media are also planned to brief them on electoral rules.

What are the elements of DEMP?

  • The plan starts with a district profile that serves as the foundation of the electoral strategy

  • This includes a political map outlining constituencies, key demographic and infrastructure statistics, a brief on the district’s administrative setup and socio-economic features.

  • The plan encompasses detailed strategies for improving the availability and accessibility of polling stations, ensuring that all stations have essential facilities like ramps, electricity, lighting, drinking water, toilets, and internet connectivity

  • Special attention is given to voters with disabilities (PwD) and senior citizens through help desks, 24/7 control rooms, home voting options, and advanced postal ballot voting for essential service personnel. 

  • Another critical component of the DEMP is the Systematic Voters’ Education and Electoral Participation (SVEEP) plan, which focuses on increasing electoral participation. 

  • It involves analysing voter turnout data to identify polling stations with below-average or significantly low turnout and tailoring activities to address these issues

  • Activities under the SVEEP plan include the use of social media, engagement with various community and youth organisations, and organising events leading up to the poll day to increase awareness and participation.

  • Additionally, DEMP outlines a comprehensive strategy for the planning, training, welfare, and deployment of election personnel

  • It highlights the importance of creating a poll personnel database, categorising available personnel by cadre and group while assessing their requirement and strategies to address gaps in personnel needs across various election roles. 

  • The force deployment plan requires detailed planning in coordination with the district police, including vulnerability mapping of polling stations based on past disturbances and voter turnout.

  • The plan also includes training district-level teams to enforce the Model Code of Conduct (MCC) and providing a training program for all election personnel to ensure they have the necessary skills and knowledge.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: District election management plan UPSC NOTE
District election management plan UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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