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El Nino and Food crisis UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

  • The southern African nation of Malawi has declared a state of disaster caused by drought in 23 of its 28 districts. 

  • Its president has also said Malawi urgently needs more than $200 million in humanitarian assistance, less than a month after neighbouring Zambia also appealed for help.

  • A third country, Zimbabwe, has also seen much of its crops decimated and is considering following suit and declaring a drought disaster, underscoring concerns raised by the U.N. World Food Programme (WFP).

  • Last year that numerous nations in southern Africa were on the brink of a hunger crisis because of the impact of the ongoing El Niño weather phenomenon.

U.N. World Food Programme

  • The U.N. World Food Programme is the world's largest humanitarian organization fighting hunger worldwide.

Here's a breakdown of their key areas:

  • Mission: Delivering food assistance in emergencies and working with communities to improve nutrition and build resilience.

  • Scale: They assist roughly 160 million people in over 120 countries

  • They have a massive logistical network with trucks, airplanes, and ships constantly delivering aid.


  • Emergency food assistance: They are on the frontlines providing food during conflicts and natural disasters.

  • School meals: They are the world's leading provider of school meals, aiming to increase attendance and improve focus for children.

  • Building resilience: WFP helps communities recover from disasters and adapt to climate change through skills training and resources for small-scale farmers.

Malawi, Zambia, Zimbawe location

Mana Pools National Park in which country

  • Mana Pools National Park is located in Zimbabwe

  • It's a wildlife-rich region along the southern banks of the Zambezi River, known for its beauty and abundance of wildlife.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: El Nino and Food crisis UPSC NOTE
El Nino and Food crisis UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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