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Mumbai port UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

  • In the latest discovery of the possible transfer of dual-use items from China that could be used in Pakistan’s nuclear weapons programme, two advanced Computer Numerical Control (CNC) machines manufactured by GKD, Italy and bound for the port of Karachi were seized by Indian customs at Mumbai Port in January

  • They continue to remain in Indian custody, according to sources in the security establishment.

  • The consignment was shipped on January 9 on a merchant vessel CMA CGM Attila, a Malta-flagged vessel from Shekou Port in China, and

was heading to Karachi Port with Cosmos Engineering being the consignee, a source said. 

  • The vessel reached Nhava Sheva Port (JNPT) Mumbai on January 22, 2024 and the consignment was seized by Indian customs officials based on intelligence inputs on possible proliferation concerns by Pakistan and China,” the source said. 

  • The equipment could be used in manufacturing critical parts for Pakistan’s missile development programme.

Mumbai Port

  • Location: Mumbai, Maharashtra, India (on the West Coast of India)

  • Type: Natural deep water harbor

  • Area: 400 square kilometers

  • Governing body: Mumbai Port Trust

  • Number of berths: 26 (21 inside the basin and 5 along the harbor wall)

  • Facilities: Handles cargo, containers, passengers, and offers ship repair services

  • The Mumbai Port is one of the oldest and most important ports in India. 

  • It played a significant role in the country's colonial history and continues to be a major center for trade and commerce. 

Nhava Sheva Port(JNPT)

  • Nhava Sheva Port, also known as Jawaharlal Nehru Port (JNPT).

  • Its the second largest container port in India after Mundra Port. 

  • It is located on the eastern shores of the Arabian Sea in Navi Mumbai, Raigad district, Maharashtra, India.

Here are some of the key details about Nhava Sheva Port:

  • Location: Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

  • Coordinates: 18°57′N 72°56′E

  • Type: Container Port

  • Governing body: Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT)

  • Number of terminals: 5 (4 privately managed)

  • Cargo handled: Primarily containers, but also handles bulk cargo and other goods

  • Facilities: Full-fledged custom house, 30 container freight stations, and connectivity to 52 inland container depots across India.

  • Nhava Sheva Port plays a crucial role in India's international trade, handling a significant portion of the country's containerized cargo

  • It is considered a modern and efficient port with advanced facilities and infrastructure

  • The port is currently undergoing upgrades to further improve its capacity and efficiency.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Mumbai port UPSC NOTE
Mumbai port UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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