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Socio – Academic culture in India UPSC NOTE

 Stressful socio-academic climate in India that is contributing to a rise in student suicides 

  • The current socio-academic climate in India raises significant concerns in the context of the nurturing of students

  • The transformation of socio-economic dynamics is not only instilling a sense of despondency among youth but is also becoming a cause for stress in their academic endeavours

  • This often causes students to go into a spiral, manifesting itself tragically in a spate of suicides.

  • Take for example, reports of a note that a teenager from Bihar wrote before fading away in Kota, Rajasthan.

  • The stress that the child was facing was evident in the reference to the ‘Joint Entrance Examination’ (JEE) that the child was preparing for. 

  • In 2023, there were reports of youngsters preparing for various competitive exams in Kota ending their lives

  • Based on police records, 15 students faded away in 2022; 18 in 2019 and 20 in 2018

  • There was negligible data during the COVID-19 pandemic years of 2020-21 when traditional coaching centres were either closed or operated virtually.

Factors Contributing to Stress

  • In 2022, according to data in the “Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India 2022” report by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB).

  • Over 13,044 Indian students ended their lives 7.6% of the total suicide fatalities in that year.

  • Another grim statistic was that the number of suicides (students) rose from 10,335 in 2019, to 12,526 in 2020, to 13,089 in 2021

  • As in NCRB data (2018), nearly 95,000 students faded away between 2007-18.

  • There is also another grim fact. 

  • Over half of India’s populace, specifically 53.7%, is made up of individuals under the age of 25.

  • However, a significant barrier to their entry into the labour force is widespread deficiency in essential skills. 

  • The last decade has seen a distressing rise in student suicides, which is also connected to a lack of viable job opportunities.

Its Impact  

  • In contemporary Indian society, there is a noticeable shift in family structures with a weakening of crucial connections between children and their families

  • This in turn impacts a child’s ability to engage with their relatives. 

  • Various factors influence a child’s development within the Indian context, in turn affecting social relationships. 

  • The lack of establishing strong bonds between parents and children becomes clear when parents impose their academic preferences on their child

  • Parental control, emotional detachment, and societal expectations contribute to the sidelining of a student’s individual interests

  • As a result, students grapple with the hurdle of meeting parental standards, especially when they have no innate interest in the subject or course forced upon them

  • A feature in Indian society is the emphasis on expectations, performance, and personal interests in family interactions

  • These dynamics can either propel students forward through positive reinforcement or negatively affect them due to socio-economic circumstances.

  • The inability to satisfy parental expectations can leave young individuals feeling humiliated, dejected, desperate, and harassed

  • It is crucial to create an atmosphere of empathy and acceptance to cancel out any potential negative consequences for our younger generation.

  • The unyielding quest for scholastic distinction often overshadows the social facets of a student’s existence.

  • Driving them to sacrifice interpersonal bonds and pursuits that are essential for a well-rounded persona. 

  • It is disconcerting to find young students voicing their inner turmoil on social media, signalling distress

  • Educational purveyors themselves fail to provide the requisite emotional scaffolding that these young minds require. 

  • Moreover, pupils from socioeconomically underserved communities are confronted with the stark actualities of endemic discrimination, thereby intensifying their hardships.

  • So, it becomes clear that there is an urgent need for our social infrastructure to grow more supportive and accommodative and support these young lives.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Socio – Academic culture in India UPSC NOTE
Socio – Academic culture in India UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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