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Agasthyamala biosphere UPSC NOTE

 Why in news 

  • Researchers stumbled upon a new species during a floristic survey in the Agasthyamala biosphere reserve in Thiruvananthapuram district

  • They initially took it for Impatiens uncinata, a familiar species of the genus Impatiens, to which the garden balsams also belong

  • But a closer look had prompted a detailed scientific study, which eventually resulted in the plant being labelled a new species of Impatiens (family Balsaminaceae), and named it as Impatiens neo-uncinata.  

  • A small plant with attractive milky-white flowers with red stripes, a rare, wild cousin of the popular garden balsam.

Agasthyamala biosphere

  • It is a protected area and biodiversity hotspot located at the southernmost tip of the Western Ghats mountain range in India

  • Established in 2001, it spans across the states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu 

  • Chenkurinji (Gluta travancorica) is a species endemic to the Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve

    • It is a flowering plant known for its medicinal properties, including its use in lowering blood pressure and treating arthritis.

  • It encompasses the following wildlife sanctuaries: Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary, Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary, Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary, and Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve.

  • In 2016, Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve became part of the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves

  • Agastyamalai is also home to the Kanikaran, one of the oldest surviving ancient tribes in the world



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Agasthyamala biosphere UPSC NOTE
Agasthyamala biosphere UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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