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Bhil community UPSC NOTE


  • The Union government is making several efforts to “reclaim” the lost stories of Adivasi resistance movements in order to build a nationalistic tribal identity. 

  • Believing that the Adivasi identity is being appropriated by the Sangh Parivar, the indigenous communities of Rajasthan and Jharkhand are attempting to counter these narratives

  • The Bharat Adivasi Party (BAP), which rose out of the demand for a separate Bhil State for the Bhil Adivasi people, is on a mission to “take control” of the narrative around Adivasi identity

  • Its emergence was partly a response to the histories of Adivasi communities coming under attack from the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS)-affiliated Akhil Bharatiya Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram and its federated outfits for decades

  • Now, narratives on Adivasi identity created by the Sangh Parivar are increasingly merging with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)-led Union government’s efforts to reclaim the lost stories of Adivasi resistance movements in order to build a nationalistic Adivasi identity

Rana Punja Bhil

  • He was a contemporary of 16th century ruler of Mewar, Maharana Pratap.

  • He is considered to be a significant character who bolstered the strength of Pratap during his battles with Mughal emperor Akbar.

  • When Maharana Pratap was readying for the battle with Akbar, the tribal Bhil community voluntarily came to his assistance and at the time the Bhil army was commanded by Punja.

  • Owing to his status as a commander, he was bestowed the title of Rana

Bhil community

  • The Bhil are one of the largest tribal groups, living in Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan.

  • They are the biggest tribe in Rajasthan.

  • They are classified as scheduled tribes in Rajasthan.

  • The name is derived from the word ‘billu’, which means bow.

  • The Bhil are known to be excellent archers coupled with deep knowledge about their local geography.

  • Traditionally, experts in guerrilla warfare, most of them today are farmers and agricultural labourers. 

  • They are also skilled sculptors.

  • They have exercised significant influence in the Mewar region and throughout the past, the Rajput rulers of the region have forged alliances with the tribal group



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Bhil community UPSC NOTE
Bhil community UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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