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Catal Huyuk UPSC NOTE

 Why in news 

  • Over 9,000 years ago, residents of the Neolithic settlement of Catal Huyuk did just this

  • Located in present-day Turkey, Catal Huyuk dates to the late Stone Age.

  • Making it older than the well-known Indus Valley Civilisation in Asia.

  • The much-visited Stonehenge in Britain, and over six millenia before the founding of Rome

  • It was occupied for around 2,000 years and possibly had up to 8,000 people living in it. 

  • But the city had no streets. 

  • The roofs were the main method of getting around.

Why in news 

  • Location: Southern Anatolia, Turkey (present-day Konya province)

  • Time Period: Neolithic and Chalcolithic eras, dating from around 7500 BCE to 6400 BCE (flourished around 7000 BCE)

  • Significance: One of the largest and most well-preserved settlements from the early Neolithic period

Lifestyle:

  • Settled farmers and herders (cattle)

  • Possible evidence of social stratification and specialization

Architecture:

  • Unique "beehive" style houses built next to each other, accessed through rooftops

  • Houses decorated with elaborate wall paintings and reliefs depicting animals, humans, and hunting scenes

  • No apparent streets or formal planning

Religion/Beliefs:

  • Evidence of veneration of bulls and a mother goddess figure

  • Ritual burials within the houses

Legacy:

  • Provides valuable insights into the social organization, art, and religious beliefs of early human settlements

  • Listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2012.


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Catal Huyuk UPSC NOTE
Catal Huyuk UPSC NOTE
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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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