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Climate change as a human rights issue UPSC NOTE

 Court Decisions:

  • European Court of Human Rights ruled Switzerland violated rights of a women's group (KlimaSeniorinnen) for failing to adequately address climate change.

  • This sets a precedent recognizing climate inaction as a human rights violation.

  • Supreme Court of India recognized the right to be free from climate impacts based on the right to life and liberty.

Climate Change Impacts:

  • 2023 reported as hottest year on record with rising temperatures, sea levels, and extreme weather events.

  • These impacts threaten people's health, livelihoods, and food security.

India's Situation:

  • Achieved some clean energy targets but remains vulnerable due to a large population in disaster-prone areas.

  • Court's decision paves the way for legal accountability on climate action in India.

Pathways Forward:

  • Legal Framework:

  • Create an overarching climate change regulation in India.

  • This can enhance government capacity and establish a clear direction for climate action.

  • Examples of successful framework laws from other countries are mentioned.

  • Collaboration:

  • Encourage collaboration between government, private sector, and civil society.

  • The One Health initiative is an example of successful inter-ministerial collaboration.

  • Businesses need to integrate a rights-based approach into their core operations.

Citizen Empowerment:

  • Empower citizens and NGOs to participate in climate discussions.

  • This can help find solutions that balance competing interests like renewable energy and wildlife conservation.

Conclusion:

  • The concept of Mother Earth emphasizes the need to protect the environment for human well-being.

  • Recent legal decisions can be used to ensure a healthy planet and a future free from climate change impacts.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Climate change as a human rights issue UPSC NOTE
Climate change as a human rights issue UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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