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Democratic recession UPSC NOTE

 Global Survey on Democracy

  • A Pew Research Center survey conducted in 24 countries reveals a decline in trust in democratic systems.

  • While 77% of respondents expressed some optimism about democracy, there's a growing openness to alternative models.

  • Support for direct democracy (bypassing elected officials) and rule by experts is increasing.

  • This shift is linked to a perception that democracies are slow and inefficient.

India's Case

  • India's trend mirrors the global decline in trust in democracy.

  • Support for representative democracy has decreased significantly since 2017.

  • There's a growing preference for strong leaders, rule by experts, and even authoritarian models.

  • Democracy watchdog reports classify India as a "hybrid regime" or "flawed democracy."

Challenges to Democracy

  • Corruption, inefficiency, and economic disparity are fueling disillusionment with democracy.

  • Political polarization and social issues like inequality and environmental sustainability further strain democracy

Strengthening Democracy

  • Despite the challenges, strengthening democratic foundations is crucial.

  • Two key books offer frameworks for building strong democracies:

  • 1."Strengthening Democracy by Design" emphasizes four pillars: participation, equality, education, and accountability.

  • 2."The Civic Bargain" highlights the importance of a "civic bargain" where citizens collaborate and hold each other accountable.

  • Investing in education, critical thinking, and dialogue are essential for a well-functioning democracy.


  • Promote inclusivity and address societal issues to restore faith in democracy.

  • Encourage citizen participation and create spaces for open dialogue.

  • Foster civic responsibility and an informed citizenry.

  • Overall, the passage highlights a critical juncture for democracies worldwide. 

  • It emphasizes the need for reforms and citizen engagement to reverse the erosion of trust and strengthen democratic institutions.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Democratic recession UPSC NOTE
Democratic recession UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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