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Disaster Relief Fund UPSC NOTE


  • Weeks after the governments of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka moved the Supreme Court seeking relief funds for calamities such as Cyclone Michaung, floods, and drought last year.

  • The Union government on Friday ordered the release of ₹3,730.32 crore towards “relief assistance for natural calamity” from the National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF).

  • An order by the Finance Ministry said that the amount is being released to the State governments based on the recommendation of the Ministry of Home Affairs on April 24.

  • The MHA had approved ₹3,498.82 crore for Karnataka in view of the drought faced by the State in 2023.

  • However, the net assistance to be released stood at ₹3,454.22 crore.

What is disaster relief fund- Why it is given

  • Disaster relief funds are essentially pools of money set aside to help people affected by natural disasters. 

There are two main reasons why they are given:

  • Immediate Relief: Disasters can cause widespread damage and leave people in need of basic necessities like food, water, shelter, and medical care. 

  • Disaster relief funds provide resources to quickly get these essentials to those who have been affected.

  • Long-Term Recovery: Disasters can have a lasting impact on communities, damaging infrastructure, disrupting livelihoods.

  • Affecting people's mental and emotional well-being

  • Disaster relief funds can also be used to help communities rebuild and recover in the long term.

  • There are different types of disaster relief funds, depending on the source of the money. 

Here in India, you might come across the following:

  • State Disaster Relief Fund (SDRF): This fund is primarily funded by the central government and used by state governments for immediate disaster response.

  • National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF): This supplements the SDRF in case of large-scale disasters.

  • Prime Minister's National Relief Fund (PMNRF): This fund relies on public donations to provide relief to victims of natural disasters



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Disaster Relief Fund UPSC NOTE
Disaster Relief Fund UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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