Download Learnerz IAS app from the Play Store now! Download



Earthquakes UPSC NOTE

 Earthquakes and Plate Tectonics:

  • Earthquakes are not random and occur in specific regions due to plate tectonics.

  • The Earth's surface is divided into constantly moving plates.

  • Powerful earthquakes concentrate along plate boundaries where they collide (converge), like the Himalayas.


  • 2015 Nepal earthquake - Devastating in central Nepal due to its origin under the Himalayas.

  • April 2024 Taiwan earthquake (7.4 magnitude) - Compared to the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake (7.7 magnitude).

Taiwan's Success Story:

  • Despite similar magnitude, the 2024 Taiwan earthquake caused minimal damage compared to 1999.

  • This is attributed to stricter building codes implemented after the 1999 disaster.

Taiwan has a robust earthquake preparedness system:

  • Advanced monitoring network and early warning systems.

  • Public awareness campaigns and earthquake drills.

  • Continuously updated building codes with incentives for earthquake-resistant structures.

Scientific assessment allows for targeted building codes based on:

  • Expected shaking intensity in different locations.

  • Frequency of earthquakes in specific zones.

  • Taiwan utilizes advanced technologies like seismic dampers and base isolation systems for earthquake resistance (e.g., Taipei 101 building).

Lessons for India:

  • India's infrastructure expansion in earthquake-prone areas (like the Himalayas) necessitates stricter safety measures.

Key Learnings from Taiwan:

  • Enforce seismic codes and regulations for all infrastructure projects.

  • Construct safer buildings with proper engineering.

  • Improve enforcement and address non-compliance issues related to seismic codes.

Utilize region-specific seismic codes (like India's IS 1893) based on:

  • Local earthquake activity.

  • Building types.

  • Construction materials.

  • Explore and potentially revive traditional earthquake-resistant architectural styles in some regions of India.



Amritsar,1,April 2024,301,Art & Culture,1,August 2023,251,Courses,7,Daily Current Affairs,48,December 2023,189,Disaster Management,2,Environment and Ecology,54,February 2024,228,Foundation Course,1,GDP,1,GEMS Club,1,GEMS Plus,1,Geography,67,Govt Schemes,2,GST,1,History,2,Home,3,IAS Booklist,1,Important News,71,Indian Economy,46,Indian History,2,Indian Polity,56,International Organisation,12,International Relations,58,Invasive Plant,1,January 2024,240,July 2023,281,June 2022,6,June 2023,268,March 2024,238,May 2022,17,May 2024,191,Mentorship,2,November 2023,169,October 2023,203,Places in News,2,Science & Technology,66,September 2023,205,UPSC CSE,111,
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Earthquakes UPSC NOTE
Earthquakes UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content