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Infrastructure, Connectivity along LAC in Arunachal UPSC NOTE


Kameng River

  • It originates in Tawang district from the glacial lake below snow-capped Gori Chen mountain on the India-Tibet border

  • Kameng is not a transboundary river.

  • It becomes a braided river in its lower reaches and is one of the major tributaries of the Brahmaputra River.

  • It joins Brahmaputra river at Tezpur. It forms the boundary between East Kameng District and West Kameng Districts.

  • It also forms the boundary between the Sessa and Eaglenest sanctuaries to its west (Arunachal) and the Pakke tiger reserve to the east (Arunachal)

  • Dafla Hills are east and the Aka Hills are located west of the Kameng River.

  • Tributaries: Tippi, Tenga, Bichom & Dirang Chu

  • Between 13th to early 16th century, it marked the borders between the Chutiya kingdom and the Kamata kingdom

  • Later, in the 16th century, after the annexation of the Chutiya kingdom by the Ahoms and the downfall of Kamata kingdom, it acted as the border between the Ahom kingdom and Baro-Bhuyan rule

Lohit River

  • Lohit River is the Brahmaputra River's farthest east tributary. 

  • The river rises in the Tirap Phasi Ranges of Eastern Tibet and flows into India through Kibithoo, (in Anjaw district of Arunachal) Inhabited by the Meyor tribe

  • After entering the country, the river passes through Anjaw's Mishmi Hills before heading to Lohit district.

  • This river is described as turbulent and uncontrollable

  • Lohit River flows through the red laterite soils of the Lohit Basin before merging with the Brahmaputra River in Assam, earning it the nickname "the river of blood."

  • Dhola–Sadiya Bridge, also known as the Bhupen Hazarika Setu, connecting Assam and Arunachal Pradesh in the northeast across the Lohit River.

  • Lohit River are a veritable treasure trove of medicinal plants and herbs, as well as the home of Mishmi teeta, (It is recorded only from the state of Arunachal Pradesh.) a Coptis plant with world-renowned medicinal properties.

Why in News

  • Over the past year, the village of about 130 residents has witnessed its Primary Health Centre and residences of the school teachers being upgraded, and concrete tracks being laid under the Central government’s Vibrant Villages Programme (VVP).

  • The VVP was approved as a Centrally-sponsored scheme on February 15, 2023, with an outlay of ₹4,800 crore for the financial years 2022-23 to 2025-26 for the development of 2,967 villages in the border States of Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, and the Union Territory of Ladakh.

  • The new, almost 1,800-km-long frontier highway, on which work has commenced, will fill a critical void facilitating inter-valley movement. It will start from Bomdila in Arunachal’s west, pass through Nafra, Huri and Monigong villages, and end in Vijaynagar, near the Indo-Myanmar border. 

  • Another infrastructure input is the connectivity across the Lohit river, flows to Tezu, and then joins the Brahmaputra in Assam, a distance of almost 350 km.

  • Another aspect witnessing tremendous change is mobile connectivity. The Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF) was established with the fundamental objective of providing access to “basic telegraph services” to people in remote and rural areas at affordable and reasonable prices.

  • In the past, mobile phones at Kibithoo would only connect to Chinese networks, However, now phones pick up both Indian and Chinese networks. 

  • As connectivity improves, efforts are on to promote tourism. Under the Seema Darshan project, the State government, with support from the Army, has approved 12 tourist circuits, including two foreign tourist ones, beyond the Kameng area. Religious tourism to Kepang La, Pasang Sonam Tso Lake, and Taksang Gompa.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Infrastructure, Connectivity along LAC in Arunachal UPSC NOTE
Infrastructure, Connectivity along LAC in Arunachal UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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