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 Why in News

  • Mpox was in the headlines after a rapidly expanding global outbreak in 2022-2023. 

  • The virus was previously called ‘monkeypox’ after a spillover event in a research facility involving monkeys in 1958

  • The mpox family of viruses is known to be able to evade selective evolutionary pressures by duplicating genes or accumulating mutations and expanding its genome or contracting it by deleting or inactivating genes. 

  • In an April 18 study, scientists reported the part of the mpox genome where these changes happen

  • Monkeypox is a rare but serious viral illness that can cause flu-like symptoms and a rash

  • The virus is transmitted from animals to humans through contact with an infected animal's blood, fluids, or rash. 

  • Monkeypox can also be transmitted from person to person through close contact with an infected person's respiratory secretions or skin lesions.

  • Most people recover from monkeypox within 2 to 4 weeks

  • Some people, such as young children and people with weakened immune systems, may develop more serious complications.

  • Two vaccines are available for reducing the risk and severity of mpox infection.

  •  JYNNEOS and ACAM2000.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Mpox UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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