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Regulating single use plastic pollution UPSC NOTE

 India's position on regulating single use plastic pollution on the global stage 

  • Ahead of week-long negotiations involving 192 countries that are expected to begin in Toronto, Canada, 

  • Next week on getting the globe to progress on eliminating plastic pollution.

  • India is in favour of “regulating”, and not eliminating, single-use plastic.

  • According to an analysis of various countries’ public negotiating positions by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), a not-for-profit based in New Delhi.

  • In 2022, India brought into effect the Plastic Waste Management Amendment Rules (2021) that banned 19 categories of ‘single-use plastics’. 

  • These are defined as disposable goods that are made with plastic but are generally use-and-throw after a single use and include plastic cups, spoons, earbuds, decorative thermocol, wrapping or packaging film used to cover sweet boxes and cigarette packets, and plastic cutlery.

  • It, however, does not include plastic bottles – even those less than 200 ml — and multi-layered packaging boxes (such as milk cartons). 

  • Moreover, even the single-use plastic items that are banned are not uniformly enforced nationally with several outlets continuing to retail these goods.

  • Of the nearly 17 topics that countries are expected to deliberate upon, one of them involves “problematic and avoidable plastic products including single-use plastics”, which refer to sections of plastics that are likely to harm environment as well as human health.

  • The aim of negotiating countries is to implement global and national measures such as removing these products from the market.

  • These are reducing production through alternative practices or non-plastic substitutes, and redesigning problematic items to meet criteria for sustainable and safe product design.

  • The CSE analysis says that India, as of Saturday, has opted for language in the current version of the negotiating document, called a ‘zero draft’, that vouches for “regulating” instead of “not allowing.

  • The production, sale, import and export of problematic and avoidable plastic goods

  • It has, however, agreed to “science-based criteria” for identifying such plastics.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Regulating single use plastic pollution UPSC NOTE
Regulating single use plastic pollution UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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