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Right to Education Act UPSC NOTE

 Right to Education (RTE) Act, 2009

  • The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or Right to Education Act (RTE) is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted on 4 August 2009, which describes the modalities of the importance of free and compulsory education for children between the age of 6 to 14 years in India under Article 21A of the Indian Constitution

  • It’s an obligation on the appropriate Government and local authorities to provide and ensure admission, attendance and completion of elementary education by all children in the 6-14 age group

  • Section 2(f) of RTE act : "elementary education" means the education from first class to eighth class;

  • Section 16 of RTE act : Examination and holding back in certain cases.

    • (1) There shall be a regular examination in the fifth class and in the eighth class at the end of every academic year.

    • (2) If a child fails in the examination referred to in sub-section (1), he shall be given additional instruction and granted opportunity for re-examination within a period of two months from the date of declaration of the result.

  • (3) The appropriate Government may allow schools to hold back a child in the fifth class or in the eighth class or in both classes, in such manner and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed, if he fails in the re-examination referred to in sub-section (2):

    • Provided that the appropriate Government may decide not to hold back a child in any class till the completion of elementary education.

  • (4) No child shall be expelled from a school till the completion of elementary education.

  • Section 30 of RTE act : Examination and completion certificate. -

    • (1) No child shall be required to pass any Board examination till completion of elementary education.

    • (2) Every child completing his elementary education shall be awarded a certificate, in such form and in such manner, as may be prescribed.

Related articles in DPSP

  • Article 45 in Constitution of India : Provision for free and compulsory education for children

    • The State shall endeavour to provide, within a period of ten years from the commencement of this Constitution, for free and compulsory education for all children until they complete the age of fourteen years.

  • Article 39 (f): that children are given opportunities and facilities to develop in a healthy manner and in conditions of freedom and dignity and that childhood and youth are protected against exploitation and against moral and material abandonment

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Right to Education Act UPSC NOTE
Right to Education Act UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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