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State of the Climate in Asia report UPSC NOTE

 What does the 2023 ‘State of the Climate in Asia’ report say?

  • The 2023 "State of the Climate in Asia" report, published by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), paints a grim picture of the continent's battle with climate change. 

Here are some key takeaways:

  • Warming Trend: Asia is warming faster than the global average

  • The report highlights an acceleration in the rate of key climate indicators like surface temperature, glacier retreat, and sea level rise.

  • Disaster-Prone Region: Asia continues to be the world's most disaster-hit region when it comes to weather, climate, and water-related hazards

  • Floods and storms were the most frequent causes of casualties and economic losses in 2023.

  • Heatwave Intensification: The report emphasizes the growing threat of extreme heat events. Heatwaves are becoming more severe and impacting a wider area.

  • Water Security Concerns: Melting glaciers in High Mountain Asia threaten future water security for millions who depend on these rivers for irrigation and drinking water.

  • Sea Level Rise: The report warns of rising sea surface temperatures and record ocean heat, posing a significant threat to coastal communities.

  • The overall message is that climate change is significantly impacting Asia, with far-reaching consequences for people, economies, and ecosystems. 

  • The report serves as a call to action for countries to prioritize climate mitigation and adaptation strategies.

What does it mean for India?

  • The report's findings about a warming Asia, especially with rising sea levels, extreme heat events, and water security concerns, paint a worrying picture for India

Here's a breakdown of what it means for the country:

  • Intensified weather extremes: India is already grappling with extreme weather events like heatwaves, floods, and droughts

  • The report suggests these will likely become more frequent and severe, impacting agriculture, infrastructure, and public health.

  • Water scarcity: Melting glaciers in the Himalayas, a major source of water for India's rivers, threaten water security for millions who depend on them for irrigation and drinking water.

  • Rising sea levels: India has a long coastline, and rising sea levels pose a significant threat to coastal communities

  • Increased salinization of groundwater resources in these areas is another concern.

  • Economic impacts: Climate change can disrupt agricultural production, damage infrastructure, and displace populations

  • This can have a cascading effect on the Indian economy.

  • Public health risks: Heatwaves and extreme weather events can lead to heatstroke, waterborne diseases, and the spread of vector-borne diseases.

  • The report serves as a crucial reminder for India to prioritize climate action:

  • Mitigation: India needs to focus on reducing greenhouse gas emissions by transitioning to cleaner energy sources and promoting energy efficiency.

  • Adaptation: Developing strategies to adapt to the changing climate is crucial

  • This includes improving water management systems, developing heat action plans for cities, and investing in climate-resilient infrastructure.

  • Disaster preparedness: Strengthening early warning systems and disaster preparedness measures can help minimize casualties and

economic losses from extreme weather events.

  • By taking proactive measures, India can build resilience in the face of climate challenges

  • The 2023 "State of the Climate in Asia" report provides a wake-up call for the country to prioritize climate action for a sustainable future.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: State of the Climate in Asia report UPSC NOTE
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