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 Why in News

  • Muria tribal people who fled the Dandakaranya region in Chhattisgarh a decade ago to build a new life in Andhra Pradesh while the conflict between naxalites and State-sponsored Salwa Judum was at its peak between 2004 and 2014, are possessing two voter identity cards in their name — one when they enrolled as voters in their native village, and another in their new settlement in Andhra Pradesh.

Having more than one Voter ID

  • A voter can’t possess two Voter ID’s. Having such is a punishable offence

  • Section 31 of RPA, 1950: Making false declarations.—

  • If any person makes in connection with—

    • (a) the preparation, revision or correction of an electoral roll, or

    • (b) the inclusion or exclusion of any entry in or from an electoral roll,

Having more than one Voter ID

  • a statement or declaration in writing which is false and which he either knows or believes to be false or does not believe to be true, he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine, or with both

  • Section 17 of RPA, 1950

    • No person shall be entitled to be registered in the electoral roll for more than one constituency

Muria Tribe

  • The Muria are an indigenous Adivasi, scheduled tribe Dravidian community of the Bastar district, north of the Indravati River, located in Chhattisgarh, India. 

  • They are part of the Gondi people.

  • They speak Koya, which is a Dravidian language.

  • They have progressive perspective towards marriage and life as a whole. 

    • The biggest example being the Ghotul (a commune or dormitory), which is meant to create an environment for Muria youth to understand their sexuality.

Salwa Judum

  • It is a group of tribal persons mobilized for resistance against outlawed armed naxalites.

  • Salwa Judum meaning "peace march" in the Gondi language

  • The group was reportedly backed by government machinery in Chhattisgarh.

  • In 2011, Supreme Court of India ruled against arming civilians in this manner banned Salwa-Judum and directed Chhattisgarh government to disband any militia force founded to combat Maoist guerrillas



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Voter ID UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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