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Accreditation of NHRC-India deferred UPSC NOTE


  • What Happened?

  • The Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI) deferred the accreditation of India's National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) for a second year.

  • This decision could impact India's voting rights in the Human Rights Council and some UN General Assembly bodies.

  • Reasons for Deferral (as per previous GANHRI report):

  • Lack of transparency in NHRC member appointments.

  • Appointment of police officers to oversee human rights investigations (potential conflict of interest).

  • Lack of gender and minority representation in the NHRC.

  • Challenges in Addressing Concerns:

  • Difficulty in implementing structural changes during India's recent general elections.

  • Addressing concerns may require time and potentially further discussions with GANHRI.

  • Background:

  • This is the first time India's NHRC accreditation has been deferred for two consecutive years (2023 and 2024).

  • Previously, "A-status" accreditation was deferred in 2016 but restored in 2017.

  • The NHRC was established in 1993 under the Protection of Human Rights Act.

  • Possible Contributing Factors:

  • Concerns raised by civil society organizations and human rights activists about India's human rights record.

  • GANHRI's assessment that the NHRC may not be fully independent from government influence.

  • Next Steps:

  • Potential review of the deferral decision by GANHRI later in 2024 (September) or May 2025.

  • India needs to address concerns raised by GANHRI to regain "A-status" accreditation.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Accreditation of NHRC-India deferred UPSC NOTE
Accreditation of NHRC-India deferred UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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