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Chin-Kuki-Zo tribes UPSC NOTE

 Why in News 

  • Amid the ongoing ethnic conflict in Manipur, Chief Minister N. Biren Singh posted a thread on X, along with a video, which claimed that there had been “unnatural growth” in the population of “Chin-Kuki-Zo” tribes in the State

  • Mr. Singh said this was a threat to the “indigenous people and national security”.

  • The remarks came just as the State witnessed a fresh spate of violence, during which unidentified militants attacked a Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) camp in Bishnupur district, killing two security personnel


  • The Chin people are an ethnic group native to the Chin State and Rakhine State of Myanmar.

  • Strictly speaking, the term "Chin" only refers to the 53 sub-tribes of the Chin ethnic group, divided and recognized by the Burmese government. 

  • They speak the Kuki-Chin-Mizo languages, which are often mutually unintelligible but are closely related

  • These people predominantly live in Myanmar, but are also spread throughout Bangladesh and India as refugees.

  • Dominant tribes of the Chin include Hakha, Tedim (Haidim), Asho and Matu


  • It is one of the ethnic groups that inhabit the northeastern regions of India, Myanmar and Bangladesh.

  • They are mainly found in the states of Manipur and Mizoram in India, Chin State in Myanmar, and Chittagong Hill Tracts in Bangladesh.

  • They are part of the larger Zo people, along with the Chin and Mizo tribes.

  • Some tribes of Kuki peoples in India are recognised as scheduled tribes in India

  • Traditionally, the Kuki people followed animism, which is a belief in the existence of spirits in nature and ancestors

  • With the arrival of Christian missionaries in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, many Kuki people converted to Christianity


  • The Zo people is a term to denote the ethno linguistically related speakers of the Kuki-Chin languages who primarily inhabit northeastern India, western Myanmar, and southeastern Bangladesh.

  • They have a diverse religious landscape, with most of them following Christianity, while some still adhere to animism, Judaism or Buddhism



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Chin-Kuki-Zo tribes UPSC NOTE
Chin-Kuki-Zo tribes UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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