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 Why in News

  • Rain and fresh snowfall wreaked havoc in Kashmir valley, with landslides and flooding resulting in the closure of intra-district roads in the three Lok Sabha seats of Anantnag, Baramulla and Srinagar. 

  • It also impacted the poll campaigning in several areas.

  • After heavy rainfall in Srinagar,  waterlogged on the banks of Dal Lake

Dal Lake

  • Dal is a lake in Srinagar, the capital of the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir. 

  • Dal Lake is a misnomer as Dal in Kashmiri means lake.

  • It is integral to tourism and recreation in Kashmir and is named the “Jewel in the crown of Kashmir” or “Srinagar’s Jewel”.

  • It is also an important source for commercial operations in fishing and water plant harvesting.

  • It covers an area of 18 square kilometres and is part of a natural wetland including its floating gardens.

Dal Lake

  • The floating gardens, known as “Raad” in Kashmiri, blossom with lotus flowers during July and August.

  • The wetland is divided by causeways into four basins; Gagribal, Lokut Dal, Bod Dal and Nagin. 

  • Lokut-dal and Bod-dal each have an island in the centre, known as Rup Lank (or Char Chinari) and Sona Lank respectively.

  • The houseboats (Shikaras) are closely associated with Dal Lake which provide accommodation to tourists in Srinagar.

  • Nishat Bagh is a terraced Mughal garden built on the eastern side of the Dal Lake, with the Zabarwan Mountains as its backdrop

  • It is the second largest Mughal garden in the Kashmir Valley.

  • The Bagh was designed and built in 1633 by Asif Khan, elder brother of Nur Jahan

  • Shalimar Bagh is a Mughal garden in Srinagar, linked through a channel to the northeast of Dal 

  • It is also known as Shalimar Gardens, Farah Baksh, and Faiz Baksh

  • The Bagh was built by Mughal Emperor Jahangir in 1619



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Dal Lake UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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