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Flash floods UPSC NOTE

 Why in news

  • Flash floods from unusually heavy seasonal rains in Afghanistan have killed more than 300 people and destroyed over 1,000 houses, the UN food agency said on Saturday.

  • The World Food Program said it was distributing fortified biscuits to the survivors of one of the many floods that hit Afghanistan over the last few weeks.

  • Mostly the northern province of Baghlan, which bore the brunt of the deluges on Friday.

What is Flash floods?

  • Flash floods are rapid floods that develop quickly.

  • Typically within less than six hours of a triggering event

  • They can be very dangerous and cause significant damage. 

  • Here's a breakdown of what they are and how they occur:


  • Intense rainfall from thunderstorms, hurricanes, or tropical storms is the most common cause.

  • Rapid melting of ice or snow can also trigger flash floods.

  • Dam or levee failures, or mudslides can cause sudden surges of water.


  • Flash floods can be incredibly destructive

    • Flood roads, buildings, and other infrastructure.

    • Sweep away cars and other objects.

    • Cause landslides and mudflows.

    • Endanger life and property.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Flash floods UPSC NOTE
Flash floods UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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