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Indian manufacturing sector UPSC NOTE

 Indian manufacturing sector

  • India's manufacturing sector is a key contributor to the country's economic growth

  • It accounts for about 15% of India's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and employs around 12% of the country's workforce

  • The sector is diverse and includes a range of industries such as textiles, pharmaceuticals, automobiles, and consumer durables.


  • In recent years, the Indian government has implemented a number of initiatives to boost the manufacturing sector, including the "Make in India" campaign, which aims to increase the share of manufacturing in the country's GDP and promote the growth of domestic manufacturing. 

  • The government has also set up a number of special economic zones (SEZs) to attract foreign investment in the sector.


  • Despite these efforts, the manufacturing sector in India has faced a number of challenges, including a lack of infrastructure, a shortage of skilled labor, and difficulties in obtaining credit

  • In addition, the sector has been hit by a slowdown in global demand and increased competition from countries such as China.

  • However, this offers opportunities for growth in the sector, and through sustainable reforms it is expected to continue to play a key role in the development of the Indian economy.

Requires more sophistication

  • Manufacturing must increase, and with the help of policies, India must increase its share in manufacturing and global value chains which will also help India be more self-reliant

  • Indian manufacturing must develop greater sophistication in its products and the government will find ways to provide policy support in this endeavour, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said

  • Skilling is really being ramped up in India so the demographic dividend, which will persist for the next 30 years [and] comes with an added advantage of a historically lowest dependency ratio, means the net benefit is going to be towards more increase in consumption



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Indian manufacturing sector UPSC NOTE
Indian manufacturing sector UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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