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Internal Displacements UPSC NOTE


  • Conflict and violence triggered 69,000 displacements in South Asia in 2023, with Manipur violence accounting for 67,000, according to a new report

  • The report by the Geneva-based Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) termed it the highest number of displacements triggered by conflict and violence in India since 2018

  • An internal displacement refers to the forced movement of a person, within the borders of a country. 

  • This term refers to the events or occurrences that cause people to be displaced internally and not the number of individuals displaced. 

  • Also, the same set of people can be displaced several times over.

Manipur Situation

  • On May 3, 2023, a ‘Tribal Solidarity March’ was organised in Manipur’s hill districts to protest against the Meitei community’s demand for Scheduled Tribe (ST) status

  • The march led to ethnic clashes between the Meitei and the Kuki communities, ultimately claiming more than 200 lives. 

  • The Manipur High Court had in March last year called for recommendations to be sent to the Union government to recognise the Meitei community as a “Scheduled Tribe,” an official status designed to protect minorities from marginalisation.

  • The call was met with resistance from other local STs, including the Kukis

  • Land disputes were also an underlying driver of the tensions

  • More than three-quarters of the movements took place within Manipur, but almost a fifth were to the neighbouring State of Mizoram and smaller numbers to Nagaland and Assam.

  • As the violence escalated, the Union government imposed curfews, shut down the internet, and dispatched security forces

  • It also set up relief camps and established a peace committee for Manipur but the initiative was hampered by disagreements about its composition.

In World

  • Fighting in Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Palestinian territories accounted for nearly two-thirds of new movements of people due to conflict in 2023

  • Throughout 2023, there were six million forced movements of people caused by the violence in Sudan — more than in the previous 14 years combined

  • It is the second-highest number of forced movements within a year after Ukraine’s 16.9 million in 2022

  • World over, in 2023, the number of internal displacements (occurrences) resulting from conflict was 20.5 million.

  • Displacements can also happen due to natural disasters

  • If those numbers are included, the total internally displaced persons go up to a record 75.9 million (7.7 million by disasters) in 2023



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Internal Displacements UPSC NOTE
Internal Displacements UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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