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Okavango Delta UPSC NOTE

 Why in news

  • Hippopotamuses were stuck in a dry channel in the Okavango Delta, Botswana

  •  A drought across southern Africa has been driven mostly by the El Nino weather pattern, not climate change

  • Zambia, Zimbabwe and Malawi have declared a national disaster over the severe dry spell that started in January and has devastated the agricultural sector, decimating crops and pastures

Okavango Delta

  • The Okavango Delta in Botswana is a vast inland delta formed where the Okavango River reaches a tectonic trough at an altitude of 930–1,000 m in the central part of the endorheic basin of the Kalahari.

  • It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site as one of the few interior delta systems that do not flow into a sea or ocean, with a wetland system that is largely intact.

  • All the water reaching the delta is ultimately evaporated and transpired

Okavango Delta

  • Each year, about 11 cubic kilometres of water spreads over the 6,000–15,000 km2 area. 

  • Some flood waters drain into Lake Ngami.

  • The area was once part of Lake Makgadikgadi, an ancient lake that had mostly dried up by the early Holocene.

  • The Moremi Game Reserve is on the eastern side of the delta



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Okavango Delta UPSC NOTE
Okavango Delta UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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