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Baby trafficking UPSC NOTE

 Baby trafficking

  • The recent inter-State baby smuggling racket was busted by the Telangana police 

  • While news of baby smuggling rackets dominate headlines from time to time, blowing the lid off of this network has revealed chilling subterranean levels of operation, spanning several States. 

  • An inter-State gang smuggled children from Delhi and Pune and sold them to prospective parents in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh

  • As many as 11 people were arrested for the smuggling of as many as 50 babies in the past year. 

  • As per initial reports, the gang had been ‘purchasing’ babies from two persons in Delhi and one person in Pune, traffick them to Andhra Pradesh and Telangana and sell to the highest bidder among childless couples in these southern States

  • It is learnt that the rate for a baby could be between ₹1.80 lakh and ₹5.50 lakh, netting the brokers between ₹50,000 and ₹1 lakh as commission.

Root causes

  • Criminal activity is mostly driven by a combination of socio-economic factors — poverty on one end, wealth on the other, and unmet needs or desires

  • Poverty of the biological parents in many cases, urging them to sell their newborns for a paltry sum, and smuggling of newborns from government hospitals where security is lax

  • On the other end of the spectrum are couples eager to have children, and impatient with the long waiting time to adopt a baby legally.

  • The current waiting time to adopt a child under two years can be anywhere between two to four years. 

  • While the lengthy process is put in place to ensure that the best interests of the child are served, the non-availability of babies for adoption has queered the pitch, allowing the demand to seek supply avenues by hook or by crook. 

  • Rounding up a gang might at best be a short-term measure in this particular situation. 

  • Children are not commodities to purchase at a premium from the free market when supply is low


  • The government needs to do many things at once to ensure such incidents do not occur again: 

    • provide effective poverty alleviation schemes; 

    • employment opportunities for youth

    • generate awareness about adoption schemes for both biological and adoptive parents; 

    • remove unnecessary bureaucratic processes in adoption, and ensure effective policing to nip such plots in the bud.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Baby trafficking UPSC NOTE
Baby trafficking UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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