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Greater adjutant storks UPSC NOTE

 Why in news

  • With the wetlands of Assam giving way to rapid urbanisation, the endangered greater adjutant storks are finding their survival to be a daily struggle

  • Its habitat is in the Brahmaputra valley of Assam

  • The biodiversity hotspots have given way to buildings due to rapid urbanisation and the habitat loss is a major threat for the survival of this bird species

  • The greater adjutant (Leptoptilos dubius) is a member of the stork family, Ciconiidae

  • Once found widely across southern Asia and mainland southeast Asia, the greater adjutant is now restricted to a much smaller range with only three breeding populations; two in India, with the largest colony in Assam and a smaller one around Bhagalpur; and another breeding population in Cambodia

  • During the day, it soars in thermals along with vultures with whom it shares the habit of scavenging.

  • Loss of nesting and feeding habitat through the draining of wetlands, pollution and other disturbances, together with hunting and egg collection in the past has caused a massive decline in the population of this species. 

  • The world population was estimated at between 1,360-1,510


  • Forest, Grassland, Wetlands (inland), Artificial/Terrestrial



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Greater adjutant storks UPSC NOTE
Greater adjutant storks UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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