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 INS Vishal

  • INS Vishal is a designed aircraft carrier for the Indian Navy that Cochin Shipyard Limited will construct. 

  • It is also renowned as  Indigenous Aircraft Carrier 2 (IAC2)

  • Following the INS Vikrant, it is projected to be India’s second aircraft carrier (IAC-1)

  • The proposed design for the second carrier will be a unique innovation with significant differences from Vikrant, such as expansion and displacement

  • A CATOBAR ("Catapult Assisted Take-Off But Arrested Recovery”) Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System (EMALS) seems to be considered. 

  • The INS Vishal will make India the third country in the world, after the United States and France, to maintain a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier

  • It will be the third aircraft carrier in India after INS Vikramaditya and INS Vikrant 

Why India needs a third aircraft carrier ?

  • The debate over IAC-2 has been plagued by numerous reservations like its astronomical cost of around $5-6 billion and its operational efficacy in an environment of burgeoning anti-access/area denial (A2/AD) capability honed by China and Pakistan. 

  • TheA2/AD is essentially a multi-layered defensive strategy to deter enemy carrier operations.

  • Furthermore, recent advances in cruise missile technology have made it easier and cheaper for countries like China and Pakistan to conduct A2/AD operations

  • So much so that even the U.S. Navy considered China’s evolved A2/AD strategy a serious threat to its fleet, and remained wary of challenging it.

  • Moreover, within the Indian Navy, opinion was split between operationally pursuing a ‘sea denial’ strategy, largely by deploying submarines, or alternately seeking a ‘sea control’ approach via costly and relatively more vulnerable carrier battle groups comprising multiple surface and underwater escorts

  • Some also questioned the monetary logic of building a new carrier at the cost of inducting additional ‘killer-hunters’ SSKs (Scorpene-class submarine) whose numbers in the Indian Navy had depleted to 16, of which 11 from Russia and Germany were either beyond, or nearing retirement

  • Financial constraints have forced the Indian Navy to revise its goal of operating 200 assorted warships by 2027 in keeping with the Maritime Capability Perspective Plan (MCPP). 

  • These fiscal shortages had also reduced the Navy’s demand for 12 mine counter-measures to eight and an additional 10 Boeing P-8I Neptune long range maritime multi-mission aircraft, to just six.

  • AF veterans reasoned that under the prevailing penurious conditions, an aircraft carrier would not only be a ‘costly indulgence’ but more pertinently, entail fielding a platform vulnerable to formidable A2/AD threats.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: IAC-2 UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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