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Mexico’s first woman President UPSC NOTE

 First woman president

  • Claudia Sheinbaum will become the first woman President in Mexico’s 200-year history

  • The National Electoral Institute’s president said Ms. Sheinbaum had between 58.3% and 60.7% of the vote, while opposition candidate Xóchitl Gálvez had between 26.6% and 28.6% and Jorge Álvarez Máynez had between 9.9% and 10.8% of the vote. 

  • Ms. Sheinbaum’s Morena party was also projected to hold its majorities in both chambers of Congress.

  • Ms. Sheinbaum will also be the first person from a Jewish background to lead the overwhelmingly Catholic country. 

  • She will start her six-year term October 1. 

  • Mexico’s Constitution does not allow re-election.

  • Like India, Mexico was also characterised by one-party dominant system with PRI, that is, the Institutional Revolutionary Party, which had won elections and had exercised power for almost six decades

Elections in India are different from Mexico in many ways:-

  • (i) Both countries have a multi-party system. In the case of India, political parties in power often lose elections whereas in the case of Mexico PRI did not lose a single election for more than 70 years.

  • (ii) Government officials work under the Election Commission during the election days whereas this is not true for Mexico.

  • (iii) Elections in India are held after every 5 years whereas in the case of Mexico elections are held after 6 years.

Mexico

  • Mexico, is a country in the southern portion of North America. 

  • world's 13th-largest country by area; it is the 10th-most-populous country and the most populous Spanish-speaking country.

  • Mexico City, its capital and largest city. 

  • It shares land borders with the United States to the north, with Guatemala and Belize to the southeast; as well as maritime borders with the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Caribbean Sea to the southeast, and the Gulf of Mexico to the east

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Mexico’s first woman President UPSC NOTE
Mexico’s first woman President UPSC NOTE
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