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One-horned rhinoceros UPSC NOTE

 One-horned rhinoceros

  • Great One-Horned Rhino also known as Indian rhino, it is the largest of the rhino species.

  • It is identified by a single black horn and a grey-brown hide with skin folds.

  • They primarily graze, with a diet consisting almost entirely of grasses as well as leaves, branches of shrubs and trees, fruit, and aquatic plants.

  • The species is restricted to small habitats in Indo-Nepal terai and northern West Bengal and Assam

  • Assam has an estimated 2,640 rhinos in four protected areas, i.e. Pobitora Wildlife Reserve, Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park, Kaziranga National Park, and Manas National Park.

  • About 2,400 of them are in the Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve (KNPTR).

  • IUCN Red List: Vulnerable.

  • CITES: Appendix I (Threatened with extinction and CITES prohibits international trade in specimens of these species except when the purpose of the import is not commercial, for instance for scientific research).

  • Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule I.

  • There are five species of rhino – white and black rhinos in Africa, and the greater one-horned, Javan and Sumatran rhino species in Asia

  • Only the Great One-Horned Rhino is found in India

Pobitora wildlife sanctuary

  • Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the floodplains of River Brahmaputra in the district of Morigaon in the state of Assam.

  • Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary has the highest density of one-horned rhinos in the world and second highest concentration in Assam after Kaziranga National Park.

  • It is often called ‘Mini Kaziranga’ due to similar landscape and vegetation.

  • About 72% of Pobitora Sanctuary consists of wet savannah of Arundo donax and Saccharum. The remaining area is covered by water bodies.

  • Water hyacinth (an invasive aquatic plant) is a major problem to the area especially to waterfowl, as it forms thick mats on the water surface.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: One-horned rhinoceros UPSC NOTE
One-horned rhinoceros UPSC NOTE
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