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Relationship Between Harappan Civilization and Vedic Age People UPSC NOTE


  • Archaeologists are collaborating with Sanskrit scholars to decipher Rigveda text.

  • The Rigveda or Rig Veda is an ancient Indian collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns.

  • Aim is to find a connection between the Harappan civilization and the people of the Vedic age.

Evidence for Connection:

  • Archaeological finds at Harappan settlements (Rakhigarhi, Banawali, Kalibanga, Dholavira) show similarities to descriptions in Rigveda texts (e.g., ritual platforms, fire altars, fire worship)

  • NCERT textbook mentions DNA evidence from a 4,600-year-old Harappan woman suggesting an indigenous population.

  • Current debate on the origin of the Vedas: 2,000 BC - 1,500 BC vs. 2,500 BC (4,500 years ago).

  • The later date aligns with the age of the Harappan woman's remains.

Points of Connection:

  • Saraswati River: Frequent mention in Rigveda texts (71 times) aligns with the location of many Harappan settlements along its banks (⅔ of all known settlements).

  • Animal Bones: Debate about bones found in Surkotada, Gujarat:

  • Hungarian researchers suggest domesticated horses (mentioned in Rigveda).

  • Harvard researchers suggest wild asses (horses arrived later according to some scholars).

  • Harappan terracotta figurines of horse-like animals found at Lothal and Mohenjo-daro.

Against Aryan Migration Theory:

  • NCERT revisions reject large-scale Aryan immigration from Europe/Central Asia.

  • Genetic analysis of modern South Asians shows similarities to the Harappan woman, suggesting an indigenous population.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Relationship Between Harappan Civilization and Vedic Age People UPSC NOTE
Relationship Between Harappan Civilization and Vedic Age People UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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