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Unusual Summer UPSC NOTE

 Why in news

  • Northern India has been bearing the brunt of the longest stretch of heatwaves in the last 15 years

  • The minimum day temperatures in some States have consistently remained above 45° C and those in the relatively cooler ones, at least 3°-6° C above what is usual for this time of the year. 

  • Even night temperatures have consistently been 3°-6° C above normal, a consequence of the near-absence of moisture and rain

  • To add to this, the monsoon has been sluggish. 

  • After an early start, the monsoon has stalled since June 12 and is stuck in central India

  • Before its onset over Kerala, the India Meteorological Department had forecast the rainfall in June over India to be ‘normal’. 

  • It has now updated that estimate to be ‘below normal’ or, in quantitative terms, a minimum 8% shortfall over the month’s expected quantum of 16.69 cm.

  • The normal dates of the monsoon’s arrival over the northwestern and northern States are those spanning the June 25-July 1 timeframe. 

  • Whether the monsoon’s current hiatus will push these dates even further remains to be seen. 

  • A prolonged hiatus could mean an even greater load on the infrastructure in these States

Negative impacts

  • Power Ministry said that demand in northern India had surged to 89 GW — the highest in a single day. 

  • To meet this power requirement, nearly 25%-30% had to be “imported” from the other four regions — south, west, east and north-east — and possibly Bhutan. 

  • Though the Ministry claimed credit in meeting the demand, it indirectly reveals the strain on the infrastructure

  • The installed power capacity in northern India is 113 GW and if the northern grid still needed to import power, it suggests an inability to utilise its full capacity

  • Delhi’s international airport had a half-hour blackout on the same day and it stands to reason that prolonged heatwaves and demands on cooling are only going to further strain the grid

  • Compounding this is the water crisis that has gripped Delhi. 

  • While water pilferage is a common woe, the heat has exacerbated demand, and Haryana, a key source of water for Delhi, has refused to increase supply citing its own constraints. 



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Unusual Summer UPSC NOTE
Unusual Summer UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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