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Gharial UPSC NOTE

 Why in news

  • Gharials (Gavialis gangeticus) were believed to have been wiped out from the Brahmaputra river system during 1950s

  • A lone female gharial has recently spotted in the Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve in eastern Assam.

  • Wildlife officials and specialists are not sure how this gharial came to inhabit a stretch of the Brahmaputra within the national park

Gharial 

  • Gharials, sometimes called gavials, are a type of Asian crocodilian distinguished by their long, thin snouts. 

  • Crocodilians are a group of reptiles that includes crocodiles, alligators, caimans, and more.

  • India has three species of Crocodilians namely: Gharial, Mugger crocodile, Saltwater crocodile

  • Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus): IUCN Red List- Critically Endangered

  • All the three are listed on Appendix I of CITES and Schedule I of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972

Habitat of Gharials:

  • Globally Gharial is found only in India and Nepal.

  • In India their major population occur in three tributaries of the Ganga River: the Chambal and the Girwa Rivers in India and the Rapti-Naryani River in Nepal.

  • The Gharial reserves of India are located in three States – Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.

  • Significance: Population of Gharials are a good indicator of clean river water.


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Gharial UPSC NOTE
Gharial UPSC NOTE
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