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Karnataka Gig Worker Bill UPSC NOTE


  • Karnataka is the second Indian state (after Rajasthan) to propose a bill for platform-based gig worker welfare.

  • The gig economy is growing rapidly, with millions of workers and companies like Swiggy, Zomato, Uber, Ola, etc.

What the Bill Does:

  • Aims to regulate social security and welfare for platform-based gig workers.

  • Defines gig workers and provides an estimate of their numbers in Bengaluru.

  • Addresses the lack of traditional employer-employee protections for gig workers.

Key Features:

  • Protects worker rights and creates obligations for aggregator platforms.

  • Introduces safeguards against unfair dismissals.

  • Establishes a two-level grievance redressal mechanism.

  • Increases transparency in automated work monitoring systems.

  • Requires clear reasons and notice for contract termination by aggregators.

Addressing Worker Concerns:

  • Targets arbitrary terminations and blacklisting practices.

  • Mandates weekly payments and explanations for deductions.

  • Allows refusing work with "reasonable cause" without penalty.

Welfare and Social Security:

  • Creates a welfare board and social security fund for gig workers.

  • Requires registration of gig workers and data collection by platforms.

  • Levies a welfare fee on transactions or company turnover.

Contract and Working Conditions:

  • Mandates clear and simple language in contracts.

  • Requires 14-day notice for contract changes with termination option for workers.

  • Requires "reasonable and safe" working conditions (details not specified).

Comparison with Other States:

  • Follows Rajasthan's lead in creating a gig worker welfare bill. (Rajasthan's Act is currently inactive)

  • Haryana is forming a dedicated gig worker security board.

  • Telangana is drafting a similar bill.

Central Government Initiatives:

  • The Code on Social Security (2020) recognizes freelance and short-term workers and mandates some employee benefits.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Karnataka Gig Worker Bill UPSC NOTE
Karnataka Gig Worker Bill UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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