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Representation of women in the Lok Sabha UPSC NOTE


  • Representation of women in the Lok Sabha has increased significantly since the first parliamentary election in 1952 

  • In the first Lok Sabha, there were 22 women MPs out of a total of 489, constituting a share of 4.5%. 

  • The 18th Lok Sabha constituted after the 2024 election has 74 women MPs out of a total of 543 (13.6%).

  • There was barely any difference among political parties between the 2019 and 2024 Lok Sabha elections when it came to fielding women candidates. 

  • The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) gave a slightly higher proportion of tickets to women candidates in 2024 (15.7%) compared to 2019 (12.6%). 

  • The Congress fielded 41 women candidates in 2024 compared to 52 in 2019, but the share of women fielded was the same in both years (12.3%)

  • The success rate of BJP women candidates declined to 44.9% in 2024 from 74.6% in 2019. The party fielded more women in 2024 compared to 2019. 

  • But the number of women who got elected in 2024 declined from 41 to 31. 

  • On the other hand, the success rate of Congress women candidates increased to 18.8% in 2024 from 11.5% in 2019. 

  • Of the 41 women candidates of the Congress, 13 got elected to the Lok Sabha in 2024

  • Women constituted 40.9% of all the Trinamool’s MPs in 2019. In 2024, the share is 37.9%. This is much higher than any other political party

  • Women constitute 12.9% of the total number of BJP MPs in the current House, which is not very different from the 2019 share of 13.5%. 

  • Similarly, women MPs comprise 13.1% of all the Congress MPs in the current Lok Sabha election.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Representation of women in the Lok Sabha UPSC NOTE
Representation of women in the Lok Sabha UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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