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Nagas & National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) UPSC Notess

Naga groups and insurgency issues – What are their demands – Progress of peace talks (Mains GS3)

Nagas & National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN)

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  • Nagas are a hill people who number around 2.5 million people.
  • Living in the remote and mountainous country between the Indian state of Assam and Burma.
  • Nagas are an ethnic community made up of several tribes who live in Nagaland and its surrounding areas.
  • Belong to the Indo-Mongoloid Family.
  • Nineteen major Naga tribes, namely, Aos, Angamis, Changs, Chakesang, Kabuis, Kacharis, Khain-Mangas, Konyaks, Kukis, Lothas (Lothas), Maos, Mikirs, Phoms, Rengmas, Sangtams, Semas, Tankhuls, Yamchumgar and Zeeliang.

Demand of Naga groups- 

  • A Greater Nagalim (sovereign statehood), i.e. redrawing of boundaries to bring all Naga-inhabited areas in the Northeast under one administrative umbrella.
  • It also includes parts of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Assam, and Myanmar.
  • Separate Naga Yezabo (Constitution) and Naga national flag are also part of the demand.

Background of Naga Insurgency

  • In 1881, the Naga Hills became part of British India.
  • In 1918, the Naga Club was formed in an attempt to bring disparate Naga tribes together.
  • In 1946, the club became the Naga National Council (NNC).
  • 1975-  some factions of NNC and NFG (Naga Federal Government) agreed to give up arms.
  • Formed the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) in 1980.
  • In 1988, the NSCN split into NSCN (IM) and NSCN (K) after a violent clash.
  • NNC began to fade away
  • NSCN (IM) came to be seen as the “mother of all insurgencies” in the region.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Nagas & National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) UPSC Notess
Nagas & National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) UPSC Notess
Naga groups and insurgency issues – What are their demands – Progress of peace talks (Mains GS3)
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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