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  • It is the second largest city in the Indian state of Punjab, after Ludhiana.
  • India-Pakistan border only 28 km (17.4 mi) away from Amritsar.
  • Amritsar is the economic capital of Punjab.
  • The city has been chosen as one of the heritage cities for HRIDAY scheme of the Government of India.
  • It is home the Golden Temple, one of Sikhism religion's most spiritually significant and most-visited gurudwaras.
  • The city is also known for Amritsari food, its wooden chess boards and chess pieces manufacturing industry.

Major historical events in the city
  • Guru Ram Das, the fourth Sikh guru is credited with founding the holy city of Amritsar in the Sikh tradition (The city historically also known as Ramdaspur).
  • During Sikh Empire in 1822 Maharaja Ranjit Singh fortified the city. Later, Sher Singh continued with the construction of the wall.
Jallianwala Bagh massacre:
  • It is also known as the Amritsar massacre.
  • Took place on 13 April 1919.
  • Protest against the Rowlatt Act and arrest of pro-independence activists Saifuddin Kitchlew and Satyapal.
  • It accounts for the gruesome execution of hundreds of innocent people by the Gurkha British Indian army on the orders of the then Anglo-Indian Brigadier R.E.H. Dyer.
  • Hunter Commission - Enquiry commission

Operation Bluestar:
  • Operation Blue Star (1 – 6 June 1984) was an Indian military operation ordered by Indira Gandhi, the Prime Minister of India to remove militant leader Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and his followers from the buildings of the Golden Temple.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Amritsar
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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