False
Download Learnerz IAS app from the Play Store now! Download

$show=search/label/May%202022

 


13th Amendment Sri Lanka UPSC NOTE

 


What is 13th Amendment in Sri Lanka?

  • It was passed in November 1987, months after Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi and Sri Lankan President J.R. Jayewardene signed the Indo-Lanka Accord.

  • The 13th Amendment is the only legislative guarantee of a measure of power devolution to the island’s provinces.

  • It provided for setting up provincial governments across the country — there are nine provincial councils.

  • Made Tamil, too, an official language, and English, a link language.

  • It was, in some measure, a counteract to the ‘Sinhala Only Act’ of 1956.

    • ‘Sinhala Only Act’ of 1956 is one of the most discriminatory laws passed targeting the island’s Tamil minorities, after the Ceylon Citizenship Act of 1948 that rendered Sri Lanka’s Malaiyaha Tamils of Indian origin stateless.

  • It also sought to address the Tamils’ right to self-determination which, by the 1980s, had become a raging political call.


  • With the 1983 anti-Tamil pogrom laying bare violent Sinhala majoritarianism and racism, it was hard for the world and India not to appreciate a legitimate demand.

Issues associated with it

  • Indian imposition : 

    • Sinhalese opposing it, the legislation is an “Indian imposition”, symbolising “too much power” to the Tamils at the provincial level and a threat to the central government in Colombo.

  • Very limited powers :

    • The Tamils, on the other hand, have maintained that the legislation, under Sri Lanka’s unitary Constitution, entails very limited powers that don’t amount to meaningful devolution.

  • Although the Amendment gave provinces legislative power over agriculture, education, health, housing, local government, planning, road transport and social services, the Centre is all-powerful, because of an ambiguous concurrent list and certain overriding clauses in the Constitution.

  • Some see it as a “starting point” in negotiating a more wholesome and durable political settlement, for the 13th Amendment is currently the only legislative guarantee of some power sharing, even if widely considered inadequate.

Indian involvement

  • India has historically been an arbiter on Sri Lanka’s Tamil national question.

  • Many in Tamil polity and community say both New Delhi’s interest in — and influence — on the issue are waning.

  • Critics argue that India, pre-occupied with countering Chinese influence in Sri Lanka, does little more than make customary statements on the need to implement the 13th Amendment.

  • India has always supported both political and economic stability in the island nation.

  • India called upon Sri Lanka to take the necessary steps to address the legitimate aspirations of the Tamil community, including by carrying forward the process of reconciliation and the implementation of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka.

COMMENTS

Name

Amritsar,1,April 2024,301,Art & Culture,1,August 2023,251,Courses,7,Daily Current Affairs,48,December 2023,189,Disaster Management,2,Environment and Ecology,148,February 2024,228,Foundation Course,1,GDP,1,GEMS Club,1,GEMS Plus,1,Geography,154,Govt Schemes,2,GS 2,1,GS1,6,GS2,36,GS3,15,GST,1,History,9,Home,3,IAS Booklist,1,Important News,71,Indian Economy,118,Indian History,2,Indian Polity,135,International Organisation,12,International Relations,97,Invasive Plant,1,January 2024,240,July 2023,281,June 2022,6,June 2023,268,June 2024,173,March 2024,238,May 2022,17,May 2024,330,Mentorship,2,November 2023,169,October 2023,203,Places in News,2,Science & Technology,66,Science and Technology,90,September 2023,205,UPSC CSE,111,
ltr
item
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: 13th Amendment Sri Lanka UPSC NOTE
13th Amendment Sri Lanka UPSC NOTE
https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/ucvPU4Bw8Sfr06HoJzo1TlnhPYcqXnA-UB3v4m35K2mdxK4Iul2y1LCXBO-cPi3cvu1e-MMnanR0IT_43hEZxWgza_NZXyzIAjf9Mgr4xVlniU33ybu9hhdhtCEeJjyeDJDtHPAJfd-feeyxX2UAYQg
https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/ucvPU4Bw8Sfr06HoJzo1TlnhPYcqXnA-UB3v4m35K2mdxK4Iul2y1LCXBO-cPi3cvu1e-MMnanR0IT_43hEZxWgza_NZXyzIAjf9Mgr4xVlniU33ybu9hhdhtCEeJjyeDJDtHPAJfd-feeyxX2UAYQg=s72-c
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
https://www.learnerz.in/2023/08/13th-amendment-sri-lanka-upsc-note.html
https://www.learnerz.in/
https://www.learnerz.in/
https://www.learnerz.in/2023/08/13th-amendment-sri-lanka-upsc-note.html
true
4761292069385420868
UTF-8
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content