Agriculture Productivity UPSC NOTE


  • India might be experiencing its driest August in 100 years, with a 7% rainfall deficit compared to the long period average (LPA).

  • The India Meteorological Department predicts less than 180 mm of rainfall in August, the lowest since records began in 1901.

  • Reduced rainfall has impacted kharif crop sowing, particularly pulses which have decreased by 10% compared to the previous year.

  • Low August rainfall could lead to further food price increases, especially for pulses.

  • Agricultural outcomes in India are closely tied to the south-west monsoon rainfall.

  • A Reserve Bank of India (RBI) paper explores how reliance on monsoon rainfall has changed over time due to improved irrigation coverage.

  • Despite below-average rainfall in recent years, foodgrains and rice production have consistently grown, possibly due to improved irrigation coverage.

  • Chart 1 shows the correlation between rainfall deviation from LPA and change in foodgrains production.

  • Chart 2 illustrates the growth of irrigated area in major States from 1990 to 2020.

  • Chart 3 highlights the connection between low irrigation levels, insufficient rainfall, and decreased rice production in less irrigated States.

  • Chart 4 depicts how increased irrigation coverage can offset the negative impact of insufficient rainfall on rice production in better irrigated States.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Agriculture Productivity UPSC NOTE
Agriculture Productivity UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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