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Alcohol Consumption UPSC NOTE

 

  • The belief that moderate alcohol consumption is beneficial for heart health has been a common question among doctors for many years.

  • In 1926, American biologist Raymond Pearl published a book based on patient case histories, suggesting a J-shaped curve relationship between alcohol consumption and survival rates.

  • The J-curve indicated that individuals who abstained from alcohol or drank heavily had lower survival rates, while those who consumed moderate amounts of alcohol lived longer.


  • Multiple studies supported the J-shaped curve and its conclusion that moderate alcohol consumption improved survival.

  • Scientists investigated the reason behind the supposed benefits of moderate alcohol consumption and found that it reduced the risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD) and microvascular dysfunction.

  • A group of researchers concluded that the reduction in IHD was due to a decrease in damage to the tiny vessels that regulate blood flow into the heart muscles.


  • Another group of scientists reevaluated the J-curve studies and discovered that the health benefits of moderate alcohol use were associated with individuals having healthier lifestyles.

  • When individuals with healthier lifestyles were excluded, moderate alcohol use was found to be associated with a greater risk of heart disease, which increased with higher alcohol doses and longer durations.

  • Several studies confirmed that the association between low-to-moderate alcohol consumption and reduced heart disease risk was due to overall lifestyle changes.


  • Studies demonstrated that any amount of alcohol consumption increased the risk of various cancers and cancer-related death, particularly in women.

  • Alcohol consumption impairs brain function, memory, and reasoning, and weakens the immune system, making it susceptible to infections and diseases.

  • Physical activity has been shown to have similar mortality reduction benefits as moderate alcohol use, and increased physical activity further improves the chances of living longer.


  • It is important to reject the narrative that moderate alcohol consumption is beneficial for heart health and overall well-being, as research suggests it poses significant risks.

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) has cautioned that no level of alcohol consumption is safe for health, and it is advised to say no to alcohol.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Alcohol Consumption UPSC NOTE
Alcohol Consumption UPSC NOTE
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