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  • Anaemia is a medical condition characterized by a deficiency of healthy red blood cells (RBCs) or hemoglobin in the blood. 

  • Hemoglobin is a protein in RBCs that carries oxygen throughout the body. 

  • When there is a reduced number of RBCs or a low hemoglobin level, the body's tissues and organs may not receive sufficient oxygen.

  • Anaemia can be caused by various factors, including:

  • Iron deficiency: Insufficient iron intake or absorption is a common cause of anemia.

  • Vitamin deficiency: Lack of essential vitamins such as vitamin B12, folate (vitamin B9), and vitamin C can lead to anemia.

  • The signs and symptoms of anemia can vary, but common manifestations include:

    • Fatigue and weakness

    • Shortness of breath

    • Pale skin and mucous membranes

    • Rapid or irregular heartbeat (palpitations)

    • Dizziness or lightheadedness

    • Cold hands and feet

    • Headaches

    • Brittle nails

    • Poor concentration and cognitive difficulties

Anaemia - Policy Change

  • The National Family Health Survey (NFHS-6) will not ask questions about anaemia on upcoming survey

  • Because health experts say the method used to estimate anemia levels is not accurate.

  • So Anaemia is a serious problem in India.

  • In 2019-2021, 57% of women and 67% of children were anemic.

  • The Health Ministry says accurate estimates are needed to tackle the anemia crisis

  • The WHO defines anaemia in children aged under five years and pregnant women as a haemoglobin concentration <110 g/L at sea level



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Anaemia UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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