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Archaeological Findings In Andhra Pradesh UPSC NOTE

 


What are the recent archaeological findings in Andhra Pradesh?

  • Rudragiri hillock, located in the village of Orvakallu, Atchampet mandal, in Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh, boasts a celebrated historical past and remarkable archaeological monuments.

  • This site unveils a fascinating combination of prehistoric rock paintings from the Mesolithic period and exquisite artwork from the Kakatiya dynasty.

  • Rudragiri, nestled amidst the Eastern Ghats, features five naturally formed rock shelters at its foothills, facing westward.

  • These shelters served as living quarters for people during the Mesolithic age around 5000 B.C., and they bear witness to the luminous rock paintings of that era.

  • Two natural caves at the southern end of the hillock also exhibit exceptional murals from the renowned Kakatiya kingdom.

Physical condition of the Kakatiya artworks:

  • These caves showcase the artistic brilliance of the Kakatiya period.

  • The paintings, adorned with a variety of colours derived from white kaolin and different pigments, depict captivating scenes from the epic Ramayana.

  • Despite the impact of nature’s wrath, fragments of these paintings offer valuable insights into their creation during the 13th century A.D.

  • The first cave, presents a narrative mural portraying the intense battle between the Vanara brothers — Vali and Sugriva.

  • In the middle cave, a grand sketch of Hanuman, accompanied by sacred symbols of the conch (Sankha) and the fire altar (Yagna Vedi), captures visitors’ attention. 

  • Hanuman is depicted carrying the Sanjivani hill in his hand, symbolising his mission to save Lakshmana’s life.

  • The third cave houses the prehistoric rock paintings from the Mesolithic era. 

  • Interestingly, the Kakatiya artist chose the same rock shelter to superimpose the elegant figure of Hanuman, who is portrayed in a unique ‘Anjali’ posture, folding his hands in a divine offering.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Archaeological Findings In Andhra Pradesh UPSC NOTE
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