False
Download Learnerz IAS app from the Play Store now! Download

$show=search/label/May%202022

 


Archaeological Survey In The Gyanvapi Mosque UPSC NOTE

 


Archaeological Survey In The Gyanvapi Mosque

  • The Supreme Court of India directed the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) to conduct a detailed non-invasive survey of the Gyanvapi mosque in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh to determine if the mosque was built atop a temple.

  • Since the investigation is being undertaken inside a built structure, and no excavation is permitted, experts — geophysicists in particular — must depend on non-invasive methods of earth-scanning.

  • The methods routinely used in archaeological prospecting are adapted from those applied in geophysical mapping. They may be active or passive. 

  • Active methods inject energy into the ground and measure the response of the buried target at the surface. 

    • They include seismic and electromagnetic techniques. 

  • Passive methods, such as magnetometry and gravity surveying, simply measure existing physical properties.

  • In both cases, the methods provide an estimate of the ground’s material properties, such as density, electrical resistance, and wave velocity.

  • They are then interpreted in terms of the possible nature and geometry of the target. 

  • In the case of Gyanvapi, the scientists could be looking for the distinct physical properties of subsurface material constituting the structure.

  • Geophysicists use multiple methods and different physical properties of the earth’s materials to arrive at a reasonable characterisation of the target. 

  • ASI will use ground-penetrating radar (GPR) to produce a 3-D model of buried archaeological features.

Challenges

  • Many earth materials could have the same physical property and generate the same response on the surface, leading to ambiguity in interpretation. 

  • An important aspect of the geophysical survey is to infer physical parameters from the complex and voluminous data acquired. 

  • This requires a good understanding of physical processes and powerful data analyses and modelling programs to generate reliable 3D images.

  • The archaeological object under investigation is made of heterogeneous materials with complex geometry.

  • As the data will always be limited and have measurement errors, it may not be possible to estimate, in a unique and stable manner, the spatial distribution of physical property in the subsurface. 

  • As a result, supplementary information needs to be incorporated. This has the potential to produce meaningless results. 

  • Despite its inability to reconstruct the images of targets in the best possible manner, geophysical tools have a high success rate in resource exploration. 

  • Here, ‘temple versus mosque’ problem is another matter entirely, involving emotional and sentimental issues and with long-term societal and political implications.

  • In such cases, nothing should be left to chance.

  • GPR or any other geophysical method has limited abilities, and its findings must be interpreted within these contours. 

  • During data analysis, interpreting, and decision-making, experts as well as the people need to bear this in mind.

COMMENTS

Name

Amritsar,1,April 2024,301,Art & Culture,1,August 2023,251,Courses,7,Daily Current Affairs,48,December 2023,189,Disaster Management,2,Environment and Ecology,148,February 2024,228,Foundation Course,1,GDP,1,GEMS Club,1,GEMS Plus,1,Geography,154,Govt Schemes,2,GS 2,1,GS1,6,GS2,36,GS3,15,GST,1,History,9,Home,3,IAS Booklist,1,Important News,71,Indian Economy,118,Indian History,2,Indian Polity,135,International Organisation,12,International Relations,97,Invasive Plant,1,January 2024,240,July 2023,281,June 2022,6,June 2023,268,June 2024,173,March 2024,238,May 2022,17,May 2024,330,Mentorship,2,November 2023,169,October 2023,203,Places in News,2,Science & Technology,66,Science and Technology,90,September 2023,205,UPSC CSE,111,
ltr
item
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Archaeological Survey In The Gyanvapi Mosque UPSC NOTE
Archaeological Survey In The Gyanvapi Mosque UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
https://www.learnerz.in/2023/08/archaeological-survey-in-gyanvapi.html
https://www.learnerz.in/
https://www.learnerz.in/
https://www.learnerz.in/2023/08/archaeological-survey-in-gyanvapi.html
true
4761292069385420868
UTF-8
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content