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Black Sea Grain Deal UPSC NOTE


  • The Kremlin announced its withdrawal from a major agreement allowing Ukraine grain exports.

  • The decision came hours after drones attacked the Kerch bridge, the only road link connecting Russia to the annexed Crimea peninsula.

  • Moscow stated that the bridge attack was unrelated to its withdrawal and had been expressing dissatisfaction with the pact's implementation.

  • The grain deal may resume once Russia's conditions are met.

  • The drones used in the attack were part of a "special operation" carried out by Ukraine's Navy and SBU security service.

What is the Black Sea grain deal

  • The Black Sea grain deal was established to address the impact of Russia's invasion of Ukraine on food security.

  • Ukraine is a major global exporter of food grains, including wheat and corn, and plays a significant role in UN food aid programs.

  • Russia's blockade of Ukrainian ports caused food prices to rise and raised concerns about food security in poorer countries, such as Pakistan.

  • On July 22, 2022, the UN and Turkey brokered the Black Sea Grain Initiative with Russia.

  • The initiative allowed cargo ships to travel between three Ukrainian ports (Odesa, Chornomorsk, and Pivdennyi) after undergoing inspection to ensure they were not carrying weapons.

  • The safe passage for ships in the Black Sea under this initiative was 310 nautical miles long and three nautical miles wide.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Black Sea Grain Deal UPSC NOTE
Black Sea Grain Deal UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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