Download Learnerz IAS app from the Play Store now! Download



Caste-Based Survey UPSC NOTE


  • Supreme Court to hear petitions on August 18.

  • Challenges Patna High Court's decision supporting Bihar's caste survey.

  • Bihar started two-phase caste survey on January 7.

  • Aims to gather detailed socio-economic data for improved policies.

  • State Cabinet decision led to survey notification on June 6, 2022.

  • Expected to cover 12.70 crore population across Bihar's 38 districts.

  • First phase, involving house listing, conducted from January 7 to January 12.

  • Second phase (data on castes, sub-castes, religions) halted due to HC order on May 4.

  • Recent HC verdict dismisses opposition, resumes second phase on August 2.

  • Final survey report expected in September before the 2024 election.

Need for Caste Census

  • Regular Census doesn't include caste data except for Scheduled Castes (SCs).

  • No proper estimate for OBCs, sub-groups, and others.

  • Union government rejects socio-economic caste census as unfeasible and cumbersome.

  • Union government conducted 2011 Socio-Economic and Caste Census but data flaws hindered its release.

Political Implications

  • Bihar's move seen as countering BJP's Hindutva with Mandal politics.

  • Mandal politics brought OBC reservation in 1990s.

  • Supreme Court recognized caste as indicator of backwardness in 1992.

  • OBC population estimated at 52% by Mandal Commission.

  • Debate exists on whether this estimate remains accurate today.

  • Opposition parties demand caste census to refine welfare policies.

Challenges to the Survey

  • Petitions claim Bihar's order is unconstitutional.

  • State lacks power to appoint District Magistrates without Centre's notification.

  • HC verdict challenged for violating Puttaswamy judgment on personal data collection.

  • in August 2017,a nine-judge bench of the Supreme Court in Justice K. S. Puttaswamy (Retd) Vs Union of India unanimously held that Indians have a constitutionally protected fundamental right to privacy that is an intrinsic part of life and liberty under Article 21.

  • It held that privacy is a natural right that inheres in all natural persons



Amritsar,1,April 2024,301,Art & Culture,1,August 2023,251,Courses,7,Daily Current Affairs,48,December 2023,189,Disaster Management,2,Environment and Ecology,184,February 2024,228,Foundation Course,1,GDP,1,GEMS Club,1,GEMS Plus,1,Geography,188,Govt Schemes,2,GS 2,1,GS1,6,GS2,61,GS3,23,GST,1,History,10,Home,3,IAS Booklist,1,Important News,71,Indian Economy,164,Indian History,8,Indian Polity,183,International Organisation,12,International Relations,140,Invasive Plant,1,January 2024,240,July 2023,281,July 2024,159,June 2022,6,June 2023,268,June 2024,324,March 2024,238,May 2022,17,May 2024,330,Mentorship,2,November 2023,169,October 2023,203,Places in News,2,Science & Technology,121,Science and Technology,93,September 2023,205,UPSC CSE,111,
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Caste-Based Survey UPSC NOTE
Caste-Based Survey UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content