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Caste-Based Survey UPSC NOTE

 


  • Supreme Court to hear petitions on August 18.

  • Challenges Patna High Court's decision supporting Bihar's caste survey.

  • Bihar started two-phase caste survey on January 7.

  • Aims to gather detailed socio-economic data for improved policies.

  • State Cabinet decision led to survey notification on June 6, 2022.

  • Expected to cover 12.70 crore population across Bihar's 38 districts.

  • First phase, involving house listing, conducted from January 7 to January 12.

  • Second phase (data on castes, sub-castes, religions) halted due to HC order on May 4.

  • Recent HC verdict dismisses opposition, resumes second phase on August 2.

  • Final survey report expected in September before the 2024 election.

Need for Caste Census

  • Regular Census doesn't include caste data except for Scheduled Castes (SCs).

  • No proper estimate for OBCs, sub-groups, and others.

  • Union government rejects socio-economic caste census as unfeasible and cumbersome.

  • Union government conducted 2011 Socio-Economic and Caste Census but data flaws hindered its release.

Political Implications

  • Bihar's move seen as countering BJP's Hindutva with Mandal politics.

  • Mandal politics brought OBC reservation in 1990s.

  • Supreme Court recognized caste as indicator of backwardness in 1992.

  • OBC population estimated at 52% by Mandal Commission.

  • Debate exists on whether this estimate remains accurate today.

  • Opposition parties demand caste census to refine welfare policies.

Challenges to the Survey

  • Petitions claim Bihar's order is unconstitutional.

  • State lacks power to appoint District Magistrates without Centre's notification.

  • HC verdict challenged for violating Puttaswamy judgment on personal data collection.

  • in August 2017,a nine-judge bench of the Supreme Court in Justice K. S. Puttaswamy (Retd) Vs Union of India unanimously held that Indians have a constitutionally protected fundamental right to privacy that is an intrinsic part of life and liberty under Article 21.

  • It held that privacy is a natural right that inheres in all natural persons

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Caste-Based Survey UPSC NOTE
Caste-Based Survey UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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